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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 401-800
Date Mar-May 1848
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/57
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters of enquiry and application for free passage to emigrate to New Zealand made mostly by surgeons, carpenters, furniture makers, labourers and their families. There is also a great deal of correspondence referring to the cargo and journey of the 'Victory', with enclosed items such as a detailed passenger list noting passenger names, ages, sex and whether they are settlers or labouring emigrants. Other letters relay continued efforts to promote and increase the sale of lands owned by the company, but also have a greater number of paying passengers emigrating to New Zealand as opposed to free labourers. Such letters again shed light on the financial struggles the Company faced when a lack of wealthy land owners and settlers failed to emigrate as anticipated to counter the expenses incurred by offering free passage to skilled labourers.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Dunedin, Otago, Nelson, Wellington, New Zealand; Tasmania, Australia; Glasgow, Edinburgh, Scotland; Canada; Newport, Wales; United States; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Greenock, Scotland; Auckland, Port Chalmers, New Plymouth, New Zealand; London, Liverpool, Gravesend, Plymouth, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English; European; Scottish
Ships Brougham; Victory; Blundell; Philip Laing; Ralph Bernard; Louisa Campbell; Theresa
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Gibbon, G; Keith, Augustus; Lord Howick (Grey, Henry)(1802-1894); Biel, John; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Wilcocks, James B; Tuckett, Philip D; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, surveying, steerage, surveying, farming, agriculture, climate, charter, food, cargo, freight, carpenter, labourer, free passage, family, employment, regulations, surgeon, passenger list, tea, coffee, coal, music, education, health and sickness, business, economics, colony conditions, crime, police, death, livestock, agriculture, railway, social class, engineering, shipbuilder, mechanics, marriage, wages, advertisement, commerce, directions
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK