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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 3501-4000
Author Davies, William; Low, William; Walsh, Richard; Dixon, Henry; Heard, Robert; Davison, Henry; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Archer, Charles; Fraser, Alex
Date Feb-Aug 1841
Document Type Correspondence; Map
Reference CO 208/16
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Several letters, most of which are addressed to the Chairman and Board of Directors of the New Zealand Company. Most consist of applications and recommendations of those wishing to emigrate to the New Zealand colonies. Letters reveal that applications were often made in response to British newspaper advertisements. There are several testimonials and applications made specifically by men wishing to be hired as surveyors and assistants under the company's employ for the preliminary expedition to New Zealand. Many applications enquire and even stipulate conditions of employment, discussing anticipated annual salaries, dates of departure, whether family members may also emigrate, free passage and return passage following the expedition. Other letters refer to the general need for engineers, mechanics, agricultural labourers and land surveyors in the colonies. Later letters also contain applications to buy company shares and land in New Zealand, as well as inspection notes made on the dimensions and capacity of emigrant ships. There are also several printed building plans of the lands and estates made by Peter Macquisten and offered as proof of his experience to aid his application. Contracts between the New Zealand and Plymouth Companies are also referred to.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places London, Maidstone, Manchester, Cheshire, England; Carlisle, Dundee, Glasgow, Scotland; Dublin, Leith, Ireland; Wales; Tenerife, Canary Islands; Nelson, Auckland, Whangaroa, New Zealand; Jamaica; Prince Edward Island, Canada
Ports Port Phillip, Victoria, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Wellington, New Zealand; Plymouth, Liverpool, England
Nationality English; Irish; European
Ships Lloyds; Sir Edward Paget ; Fifeshire; London; Lady Nugent; Slains Castle; Martha Ridgeway
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Greene, William; Davies, William; Low, William; Gipps, Sir George; Somes, Joseph; Walsh, Richard; Graham, Thomas; Johnston, Robert; Dixon, Henry; Todd, James Huddell; Macquisten, Peter; Maxwell, Sir John; Hunter, James; Heard, Robert; Baron Petre (Francis, William Henry, 1793-1850); Davison, Henry; Archer, Charles; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Fraser, Alex
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigrant selection, surveying, town planning, architecture, employment, labourer, engineering, indentured labour, wages, administration, application, advertisement, newspaper, education, social class, government, unmarried, agent, construction, religion, church, apprenticeship, railway, business, banking, economics, land, finance, family, skilled emigration, return passage, provisions, free passage, plantation, sugar, coffee, settlement, rations, Church of England, Christianity, infrastructure, land sale, women, commissionaires, cartography, legislation, parliament, death, science, navy, labour, Emigration Board, health and sickness, Union Canal Company, steamboat, societies, manufacturing, road, army, contract, colonisation, trade, market, shipping, New Zealand shipping Company, steerage, climate, advice literature, Great Western Railway, children, museum, timber, passage money, emigrant selection, surgeon, clergy, farming, clothing, company shares
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK