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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 2001-end
Date Sep 1848 - Jan 1849
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/61
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Correspondence relates to applications and enquiries sent to the New Zealand Company by prospective emigrants and their families. There are letters discussing patents for new methods of ship ventilation, the fitting out of emigrant ships, adverts and notices sent by commercial companies offering their services as brokers, joiners, printers etc. There are also advertisements and papers here relating to both the survey and sale of town lands in Wellington and Otago, as well as shares in the New Zealand Company. Many letters are sent by prospective purchasers, enquiring into the location of such lands, whether they may take labourers with them free of charge and the transferal of land orders. The discovery of coal in Otago is also mentioned in several letters. There are copies of printed regulation papers and instructions issued to labourers selected for an assisted passage to New South Wales by the Government Emigration Office. Such papers set out conditions upon which passage was granted, terms of payment, deposits to be paid to those receiving assistance, forms of application, subsequent proceedings relative to departure processes and luggage allowances. Small printed items also list the cost of various types of accommodation on board migrant ships, dependant upon the age and sex of the passenger.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Places Wellington, Canterbury, Auckland, Otago, New Zealand; Gravesend, London, England; Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; New Brunswick, Canada; Mumbai, India; Leith, Scotland
Ports Port Phillip, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; New Plymouth, Port Nelson, New Zealand; Liverpool, England
Nationality English; European; Scottish; Irish; Māori; French
Ships Ajax; John Wickliffe; Mary; Victory; Osprey; Mariner
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Briggs, H R; Wakefield, John B; Walcott, Stephen; Lee, Joseph; Elliott, John; Fitzroy, Governor Charles Augustus; Baring, Francis; Ellis, John; Hutchinson, George; Turnbull, Thomas
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, ship ventilation, inventions, technology, family, labour, labourer, manufacturing, surveying, wages, health and sickness, clergy, ship building, steerage, passenger, construction, employment, marriage, commerce, trade, advertisement, luggage, company shares, mining, steamboat, Australian Mining Company, surgeon, food, climate, journey conditions, economics, freight, provisions, social class, harbour, contract, engineering, property, Lloyds, shipping register, regulations, rations, coffee, sugar, free passage, church, town planning, road, indigenous people, farming, carpenter, charter, agriculture, emigrant selection, demographics, convict, transportation, education, poverty, newspaper, literature, loan, coal
Language English; French
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK