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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 1001-1500
Date Apr-May 1849
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference CO 208/64
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Papers here predominantly refer to the sale of crown lands in the New Zealand colonies, with many letters written by prospective purchasers or documenting land orders. Terms of land purchase and the price attached to certain allotments of land are also set out in many letters. The land claims of the settlement of Wellington and compensation issued by the Company in the form of land grants is also frequently mentioned. There are several letters and forms of application made to emigrate by labourers such as stone masons, agricultural workers and tailors, and letters sent by those seeking an appointment as surgeon on board emigrant ships. There are printed items, including a copy of the 'Arrangements for the Adjustment of Questions relating to Land in Wellington, the First and Principle Settlement of The New Zealand Company', 1849. There are also copies of shipping orders listing livestock, victuals and commodities transported to the New Zealand colonies on board migrant vessels such as the 'Bernicia', and notices entitled "Arrangements for Passenger Ships", setting out rations and rates of passage by age, social class of passenger and accommodation. A copy of 'The London Gazette' issue no. 20967, dated 13 April 1849 is also included here, with articles on financial affairs, circulations of currency, foreign imports, as well as the petition made by the New Zealand Company for "securing New Zealand from the stigma and terrible injury of being made a penal colony like New South Wales".
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; South Africa
Places Truro, Cornwall, England; Wellington, Otago, New Zealand; New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Edinburgh, Scotland
Ports London, Liverpool, England; Port Nelson, Auckland, New Zealand
Nationality English; European; Māori; Scottish
Ships Victory; Bernicia; Cornwall; Larking; Brougham; Bolton; Clifton; Blundell
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Todd, Archibald; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Bell, Francis Dillon; Grey, George; Earl Grey (Grey, Charles); Ward, John
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, employment, trade, construction, labourer, infrastructure, compensation, law, land grant, surveying, steerage, journey conditions, agriculture, court, property, food, supplies, charter, freight, banking, agent, commodities, livestock, passage money, purchase agreement, farming, land price, Great Western Railway, newspaper, East India Company, debt, loan, legislation, contract, clothing, copper, ammunition, import, statistics, penal colony, convict, mining, family, tailor, repairs, health and sickness, surgeon, fare, medicine, rations, social class, passenger, economics, cotton, clergy, friendship, rent, free passage, relief
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK