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Title New Zealand Company, Correspondence. Wellington Original Despatches, 1849/A
Date Jan-Jun 1849
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/107
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters predominantly sent or received by William Fox, Principal Agent of the New Zealand Company in 1849, and James Kelham acting in his stead. Most of the correspondence and enclosures relate to the expenditure of the Wellington settlement for the years 1848-1849. Others relate to tensions between the British Government and directors of the New Zealand Company after they recognised Māori land titles that were seen as waste lands by government. Negotiations held with chiefs of various peoples in order to settle such affairs are mentioned frequently throughout these letters. Some additional letters transmit reports and news of colony conditions, the natural geology of crown lands in New Zealand and the agricultural development required in various settlements. In particular, certain breeds of livestock are suggested to be imported for such purposes. There are also various papers and letters referring to the arrival of the 'Mary' and 'Ajax' emigrant vessels such as passenger lists and statements of disbursements, and supplies transported by them. Many letters are written by Walter Mantell, referring to his arrangement of reserves of land for the Ngāi Tahu and business within the Rangitikei district.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Places Nelson, Otago, Akaroa, Canterbury, New Zealand
Ports Wellington, Port Cooper, New Zealand
Nationality English; European; Māori; Scottish
Ships Susan; Cornelia; Ocean; Dolphin; Ajax; Mary; Minerva
People Kelham, James; Wakefield, William Hayward; Fox, William; Lord Howick (Grey, Henry)(1802-1894); Daniell, Edward; Thomas, Joseph; Molesworth, William; Eyre, E; Mantell, Walter Baldock Durant (1820-1895)
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, expenditure, wages, surveying, indigenous people, legislation, parliament, climate, colony conditions, farming, agriculture, geology, surveying, export, livestock, food, import, food, passenger list, supplies, provisions, debt, alcohol, purchase agreement, loan
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK