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Title Caroline Chisholm Scrapbook
Date c.1844-1871
Document Type Newspaper; Scrapbook; Ephemera
Reference HT 3141
Library / Archive Museums Victoria
Collection Name Emigrant Guides and Promotional Material
Description The scrapbook includes hundreds of original newspaper cuttings, flyers and public notices originating from Cork, Melbourne and London, focussing on Chisholm's main work of assisting immigration and settlement. It includes accounts of the Family Colonisation Loan Society; the launching of the W. S. Lindsay; extracts from Household Words; poems about Caroline Chisholm; numerous posters advertising meetings and various posters and tickets.
Series Description The scrapbook appears to have been compiled retrospectively, as it is not in exact chronological order, however it does seem to have been compiled reasonably soon following the events depicted. All previous owners of the scrapbook claim that Caroline Chisholm compiled it – a claim supported by the focus of the scrapbook and the provenance of the specific scrapbook contents.
Biographical Note / History Between the late 1830s and 1860s, Caroline Chisholm played a profound role in providing financial and moral assistance to single women and poor British families to migrate to and settle in New South Wales and later, Victoria. She drove the establishment of female shelters and institutions for domestic training. She also advocated for a closer settlement scheme in rural New South Wales and Victoria for poor, large families, believing that the presence of white women helped civilise outback relations. She coined the phrase 'God's police', for white women, which became an increasingly common phrase as the ratio of married to unmarried women increased in New South Wales in the mid 1840s. Chisholm's work has become legendary in the history of Australian philanthropy, as the most important movement for the migration and settlement of British women in the early colonisation period.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Australia
Places Cork, Ireland; London, England; Melbourne, Victoria, New South Wales, Australia
Ports Southampton, England; Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; Irish
Ships W. S. Lindsay; Robert Lowe
People Chisholm, Caroline
Keywords assisted emigration, settlement, philanthropy, railway, ticket, rationing, Family Colonisation Loan Society, poverty, women, Jewish, emigration, gold rush, food, family, labourer
Additional Information Please note: Some of the metadata for this document has been taken from the Museum Victoria catalogue.
Catalogue Link Museums Victoria Catalogue
Language English
Copyright Museums Victoria