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Title Immigrants' Protective League Publicity, 1928-1931
Date Mar 1927 - Feb 1931
Document Type Press Release; Periodical; Correspondence; Newspaper; Leaflet
Reference MSIPL 67, Box 6, Folder 63, Series 1
Library / Archive Special Collections & University Archives, University Library, University of Illinois at Chicago
Collection Name Immigrants' Protective League Records, 1919-1967
Description Mixture of material covering activities and publicity for the Immigrants' Protective League, including Mexican immigrants and their settlement in Chicago, social work with immigrants, including a small selection of documents from Chicago Commons and Hull House, publicity for the Immigrants' Protective League's work for immigrants, including aiding with naturalisation procedures, documents on deportation, refugees and the threat of immigrant families being separated.
Series Description The Immigrants' Protective League was founded in 1908 as a resource for all new immigrants arriving in Chicago. The Women's Trade Union League had overseen an immigration committee for the protection of women immigrants, but the desire to expand the committee's scope led to the founding of a separate organization, the IPL. The IPL's mission was to assist immigrants in adjusting to American life, not unlike the work being undertaken at Hull House. Indeed, it was Hull House's Grace Abbott who served as the IPL's first director, a position she held until 1921. The State of Illinois briefly took over the work of the IPL beginning in 1919, but when the government retreated, the IPL carried on its activities independently once again. The Immigrants' Protective League's undertook many activities. Initially the group defended immigrants against opportunistic exploitation by porters, ticket agents, and cabbies when they first arrived, and against bad employment practices and threats of deportation once they were working. The group also advocated for improved health care, urged fewer federal immigration restrictions, and acted as an agent for re-uniting new arrivals with their families. After the passage of restrictive immigration legislation in the early 1920s the IPL spent much more time providing legal and technical services than it did on its earlier activities. During the depression, the IPL assisted immigrants in returning to their home countries, and in obtaining naturalization papers in order to benefit from New Deal programs. Then, during World War II, the IPL aided families trying to find relatives displaced by the war. In 1958, the group's name was changed to the Immigrants' Service League. It then merged in 1967 with the Travelers Aid Society of Metropolitan Chicago. The two renamed the joint group Travelers and Immigrants Aid (TIA) in 1980, then in 1995 changed the name once again to Heartland Alliance for Human Needs and Human Rights. The Immigrants' Protective League records contain agendas, reports, memoranda, case histories, affidavits, legislative bills, dissertations, press releases, resolutions, photographs, maps, addresses, statements, clippings, articles, reports, published materials, divided into five series. The material spans the years 1919 through 1967.
Theme(s) Responses to Immigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations
Keywords charity, death, First World War, deportation, aliens, immigration, tuberculosis, clothing, travel, inclement weather, education, naturalisation, legislation, reunion, family, literacy, Jewish, exploitation, administration, sanitation, hospital, social services, legal representation, history, statistics, housing, insurance, boarding house, banking, election, conference, legislature, lobbying, public health, medical treatment, nurse, poverty, quota, newspaper
Language English; Dutch; Greek; Italian; Lithuanian; Czech
Document(s) linked to Immigrants' Protective League Publicity, 1921-1927
Immigrants' Protective League Publicity, 1935-1947
Copyright Special Collections & University Archives, University Library, University of Illinois at Chicago