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Title Letters from Claude to his Parents in England, 1894
Author Gardiner, Claude (1872-1956)
Date 1894
Document Type Correspondence
Reference M-8896-44
Library / Archive Glenbow Museum
Collection Name Edwards, Gardiner Family Fonds
Description Letters from Claude Gardiner to his parents. He gives them details of his journey, saying they are making progress of about 250 miles a day and tells them about the places they pass on the way. The letters gives details of finding work when he first arrives, the prices of everyday commodities and what he misses from England. Claude dinds work at Belleview Ranch in Macleod Alberta.
Series Description From Series 7 – Claude Gardiner (1872-1956) (predominant 1894-1925). 30 cm of textual records. Claude William Edwards Gardiner, 1870-1942, was born in England, the son of Lt. Col. E. J. Gardiner, and Laura Gardiner. He came to Canada in 1894 and settled at Olsen Creek in the Porcupine Hills of southern Alberta, where he ran the Wineglass Ranch until 1930. In 1907 he married Alice Edwards, and they had two children, Claudia and Oliver Ernest. After retiring, he and Alice travelled extensively then settled in Victoria. The series consists of extensive letters to his parents about his early ranching experiences, diaries and notebooks related to farming activities, letters to his wife, miscellany, and obituaries.
Biographical Note / History Oliver Cromwell Edwards (1850-1915) a medical doctor from Ontario, came to the Qu'Appelle area of Saskatchewan in 1882 as an employee of the Indian Department. He travelled to Fort Resolution in both 1900 and 1901 as part of the Treaty Eight Commission. In 1901 he was appointed the physician for the Blood and Peigan Reserves near Fort Macleod, Alberta, and he moved to Stand Off, Alberta where he resided until his death. His wife, Henrietta Muir Edwards (1849-1931) was prominent in the women's rights movement. She was convener of laws of the National Council of Women for 38 years. She was one of Alberta's "Famous Five" who fought to have Canadian women recognized as "persons". For further information see Patricia Roome's "Henrietta Muir Edwards: The Journey of a Canadian Feminist", PhD thesis, Simon Fraser University, 1996. Henrietta's sister, Amelia Muir (1848-1938) came to Alberta in 1907 to live with the Edwards. The Edwards had three children, William Muir (1879-1918), Alice (Gardiner) (1878-1964), and Margaret (Stewart) (1888-1913). Alice married Claude Gardiner (1870-1942), an Englishman who came to Alberta in 1894. They ran the Wineglass Ranch near Fort Macleod until 1930 when they travelled, then retired to Victoria, British Columbia. Claude's mother, Laura Gardiner (1846-1932), and his sister, Barbara Gardiner (1874-1964), came to Alberta in 1896 to visit, and subsequently lived in Fort Macleod until returning permanently to England in 1914. The Gardiners had two children, "Gard" Gardiner (1910-1996), and Claudia (Whipple) (1907-2000). Claudia and her husband Clifford N. Whipple (1906-1977), had five daughters, Peggy (Bowcott), Mary Elizabeth (Lacerte), Bonnie (Muir), Nicki (Edwards) and Louise (Wymore).
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Places Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada
Nationality English
People Gardiner, Claude
Keywords agriculture, living conditions, travel, family, employment
Additional Information Please note: Some of the metadata for this document has been taken from the Glenbow Museum catalogue.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Letters from Claude to his Family in England, 1895
Copyright Glenbow Museum