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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Individuals. Sir Frederick Rogers' private letter book
Author Rogers, Sir Frederick
Date 30 Jul 1852 - 20 Apr 1860
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/120
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description This letter book consists of various letters sent by Sir Frederick Rogers. Sir Frederick Rogers was appointed permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1860.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; India; British Guiana
Country (to) Australia; West Indies
Places China; Tasmania, Australia; Ireland; Calcutta, Madras, India; Sierra Leone; Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Plymouth, Liverpool, England; Melbourne, Victoria, Sydney, New South Wales, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Hong Kong, China
Nationality English; European; Irish; Indian; Asian; Chinese; French; Portuguese
Ships Euphrates; Ocean Monarch
People Foster, John J Leslie; Codington, W; Walcott, Stephen; Lord Lyttelton (Lyttelton, George William); Gipps, Sir George; Gibb, Duncan; Palmer, W; Merivale, Herman (1806-1874); Gardiner, Austin
Keywords emigration, agent, colony, colonisation, settlement, administration, land, government, shipping, children, women, workhouse, family, female emigration, application, regulations, free passage, finance, agriculture, eligibility, army, teacher, education, employment, emigrant selection, clergy, Board of Trade, indentured labour, legislation, furniture, supplies, Presbyterianism, Catholicism, mining, customs, expenses, wages
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK