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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Tasmania, 1854-1869
Author Rogers, Frederic; Wood, C Alexander; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton
Date 4 Jan 1854 - 31 Mar 1869
Document Type Correspondence; Legal Papers; Financial Papers; Report
Reference CO 386/77
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters, mostly addressed to Herman Merivale, Frederic Rogers, or Thomas Frederick Elliot. The correspondence largely covers colonial legislation (especially in relation to land), journey conditions, colonial finances, the demand for labour, and the lack of female migrants. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany
Country (to) Australia
Places Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Australia
Ports Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; German; European
Ships Strathmore; Palestine; Tartar; Berkshire; Emma Eugenia; Hamilla Mitchell
People Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Rogers, Frederic; Merivale, Herman; Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham); Cardwell, Edward
Keywords Bank of England, transportation, land, legislation, legislature, land sale, land grant, crown lands, land claim, money, finance, passage money, agriculture, farming, mining, guano, surgeon, journey conditions, police, surgeon, statistics, remittance, customs, labour, labourer, child migration, female emigration, remigration, assisted emigration, fishing and fishermen, gratuity, agent, wages, servant, bounty emigration, surveying
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK