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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Miscellaneous, 1870-1876
Date 10 Jan 1870 - 29 Dec 1876
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/119
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters refer to emigration returns and the treatment of emigrants in foreign colonies such as Brazil. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) United States of America; British Guiana; Venezuela; Brazil; Argentina; Paraguay; Suriname; Peru; Australia
Places Bahia, Kittoland, Brazil; South Carolina, United States; Java; Canada; Chile; Paraguay; China; Patagonia, Argentina; Guadeloupe; New South Wales, Australia; Barbados
Ports Liverpool, London, Bristol, England; Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality English; European; Brazilian; Scottish; Irish; Germans; Welsh; French
People Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John)
Keywords emigration, agent, colony, colonisation, settlement, administration, land, government, shipping, emigration scheme, finance, legislation, Passengers' Act, steamboat, ordnance stores, dockyard, wages, housing, death, expenses, transport, passenger, trade, treaty, labourer, agriculture, free passage
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK