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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Miscellaneous, 1854-1858
Date 13 Jan 1854 - 2 Dec 1858
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/118
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters refer to emigrant returns, cases of evasion of the Passengers' Act, complaints respecting uninspected vessels, and discussions over the establishment of Bristol as an emigrant port. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; Brazil
Country (to) United States of America; New Zealand; British Guiana; Brazil
Places Philadelphia, United States; Queenstown, New Zealand; Patagonia, Argentina
Ports Bristol, Liverpool, England; Clydebank, Scotland; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nationality English; European; African; Scottish
Ships Conway; Ottawa; Sarah Sands; City of Glasgow; Jessie; Dingo; Balaklava; Racer; Eastern City
People Merivale, Herman (1806-1874); Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Wood, C. Alexander; Rodgers, Sir Frederick; Quinn ,Hugh; Evatt, R W
Keywords emigration, agent, colony, colonisation, settlement, administration, land, government, shipping, law, passenger, journey conditions, surveying, shipping inspection, steamboat, medical staff, sailors, disease, health and sickness, cholera, Passengers' Act, Liberated Africans, employment, finance, hospital, sanitation, expenses, trade, customs, Board of Trade
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK