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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Mediterranean, Ceylon, Hong Kong, Labuan, Falkland Islands, 1854-1858
Author Rogers, Frederic; Wood, C Alexander
Date 28 Feb 1854 - 13 Aug 1858
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/110
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters, mostly addressed to Herman Merivale, covering the sale of land in several British colonies, conditions on board migrant ships, migration from Britain to Ceylon, and shipowners' compliance with legislation such as the Imperial Chinese Passengers Act of 1853. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) China; India; Gibraltar; Great Britain
Country (to) United States of America; Sri Lanka; Malaysia; Cuba; Falkland Islands; Australia
Places Victoria, Australia; Labuan, Malaysia
Ports Hong Kong, Amoy, Macao, China; Rio di Janeiro, Brazil; Montevideo, Uruguay
Nationality Chinese; English; Asian; European; Indian
Ships John Calvin; Duke of Portland; Lancashire Witch
People Merivale, Herman; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Baron Taunton (Labouchere, Henry); Earl of Clarendon (Villiers, George); Bowring, Sir John
Keywords agriculture, farming, livestock, land sale, land price, land grant, land, finance, money, emigration, legislation, litigation, diplomacy, mining, army veteran, coolie, indentured labour, labourer, labour, journey conditions, diet, health and sickness, death, victualling, regulations, agent, rent, shipping, administration, road
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK