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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Mauritius, 1854-1863
Author Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Rogers, Frederic; Wood, C Alexander
Date 14 Jan 1854 - 31 Dec 1863
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/114
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters sent to the Colonial Office, concerning migration to Mauritius and the Seychelles. The correspondence covers the regulation of 'coolie' migration, conditions on board ships, the demand for labour in the colony, and migrant ships which stopped at Mauritius en route to other destinations. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) India
Country (to) Mauritius; Seychelles
Places Cape of Good Hope; Australia; United States; Canada; Madagascar
Ports Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, India; Port Louis, Mauritius
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Asian; African
Ships Peytona; Meridian; Egmont; Canning; Devonshire; Indian Ocean; Rajasthan; Joker
People Merivale, Herman; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham); Fortescue, Chichester
Keywords land sale, land price, land grant, land, finance, money, emigration, legislation, coolie, indentured labour, labourer, labour, journey conditions, regulations, agent, administration, health and sickness, sanitation, surgeon, food, victualling, surveying, diplomacy, death, disease, quarantine, shipping, legislation, legislature, road, sugar, farming, agriculture, statistics, medical examination, orphan, cholera, bounty emigration, female emigration, child migration, disability
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK