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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Australia, 1842-1843
Date 26 May 1842 - 7 Mar 1843
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/60
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Various correspondence primarily regarding land claims and the payment of emigrant bounties. Includes letters related to the extension of migration ages, sickness on board the ship 'Theresa', the claim of the Manukau Waitemata Company, removal of French letters at the Bay of Akaroa, the Crown Lands' Act and emigration of destitute populations to Australian colonies.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Places Bay of Akaroa, New Zealand
Ships Mersey; Theresa; Bolivar; Bombay; Duke of Stockburgh; Carthaginian; Matthesis; New York Packet; Agnes; Champion
People Robinson, Captain; Douglass, Dr; Murray, Lathorp; Morris, Joseph
Keywords bounty emigration, emigration, emigration, accounts, land grant, health and sickness, finance, land, legislation, destitution, women, application, alien, journey conditions
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK