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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to Emigration Agents, Colonial Secretaries, etc. Australia and North America, Vol 2
Date 8 Jan-19 Dec 1847
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/122
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters refer to amendments to the Colonization Circular, the appointment of surgeons on board emigrant ship, agreements with emigrant ships and related matters. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; Canada
Places New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Australia; Quebec, New Brunswick, Canada
Ports Plymouth, England; Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; European; Irish; Scottish
Ships Wandsworth; Odessa; Lady Peel; Adelaide; Sir Edward Parry; Theresa; Isabella Watson; La Belle Alliance; Trafalgar; Duchess of Northumberland; Lady Macnaughten; Maria Somes
People Walcott, Stephen; Buchanan, A C
Keywords emigration, agent, colony, colonisation, settlement, administration, land, government, shipping, regulations, bounty emigration, emigration scheme, children, overland migration, land sale, surgeon, charter, emigration, application, Passengers' Act, legislation
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK