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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters from the Emigration Commission, 1844
Date 1 Jan-31 Jul 1844
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/35
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Correspondence regarding Australia, South Africa, the Falkland Islands and North America. Assorted topics include a survey of the Bass Straits, pensions, a lack of funds being granted for passengers, a grant of fifty acres to settlers, applications for surgeons, wastelands, a party of Parkhurst boys, the impropriety of sending female emigrants without protection from Belfast Workhouse and changes to the Passengers' Act.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842. Surgeon.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Places Bass Strait; United States; Canada; Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Australia; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Falkland Islands; New Zealand; Parkhurst, Isle of Wight
Nationality Irish; English; European
Ships Theresa; Glen Huntley; Bella Marina; Beagle; Shepherd; Mandarin; Calcutta
Keywords surveying, Passengers' Act, food, agent, female emigration, women, land grant, morality, clothing, workhouse, pension, surgeon, medicine
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK