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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters from the Emigration Commission, 1843 [Part 2]
Date 1 Aug-31 Dec 1843
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/34
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Correspondence regarding various topics and colonies. Primary subjects are grants of land, bounty emigration, the appointment and application of surgeons, emigration agents, the removal of funds and grants for passengers, contractors and applications for passengers. Specific concerns include Chinese immigration into the West Indies, enquiries into emigrants from India to the Strait of Malacca, a proposal for the formation of a Joint Stock Company, the Manukau Association, a subscription for shipwrecked emigrants and the relocation of the seat of government on the Falklands.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Places Canada; West Indies; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Wales; Tasmania, Kangaroo Island, New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia, Australia; Falkland Islands; New Zealand; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Auckland, New Zealand; Port Lewis, Port William, Falkland Islands; Quebec, Canada; London, Liverpool, England; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Chinese
Ships King William; Sea Queen; Shepherd; Tay; Manlius; Royal Adelaide; Calcutta; Roland; Mary Ann; Florence
People Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward)
Keywords land sale, convict, land grant, agent, surveying, accounts, finance, food, land claim, Passengers' Act, bounty emigration, emigration, surgeon, application, medical, tax, government
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK