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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters from the Emigration Commission, 1843 [Part 1]
Date 1 Apr-29 Jul 1843
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/33
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters refer to emigration to Canadian provinces, including a printed table setting out the rates of wages paid in individual Canadian provinces, set against professions, types of lodging and currency. Most of the letter are sent by Stephen Walcott. Includes a printed copy of "Notice for the Information of parties Desirous of Purchasing Lands in the Australian Colonies", dated 31 August 1842 and issued from the Office of Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners. There is also a copy of the accompanying application papers.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; Sierra Leone; Africa
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand; Canada; Jamaica
Places Port Phillip, Victoria, Sydney, New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia, Australia; Auckland, New Zealand; New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Canada; British Guiana; Jamaica; St Helena
Nationality English; European; Caribbean; Creole; African
Ships Superior; Lord Keane; St George; Mandarin; Shepherd; Jane Gifford; Westminster; Simon Taylor; Barbados; Ursula
People Potter, John; Walcott, Stephen; Bradley, Thomas; Davidson, William; Reid, John; Bucknall, B; Walpole, John; Barnard, Edward; Smith, Noel, T; Browne, Thomas; Ward, John
Keywords colony, colonisation, emigration, emigration scheme, administration, passage broker, shipping, Passengers' Act, legislation, agent, land sale, crown lands, land price, allotments, advice literature, livestock, food, advertisement, government, application, wages, accommodation, employment, trade, labourer, carpenter, domestic service, shipwright, tailor, agriculture, farming, currency, commerce, provisions, clothing, tea, coffee, sugar, colony conditions, economics, statistics, passage money, bounty emigration, victualling, finance, free passage, New Zealand Company, Liberated Africans
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK