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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters from Colonel Light and Mr. Kingston to the South Australian Colonization Commissioners
Author Light, Colonel William; Kingston, Sir George Strickland
Date 22 Feb 1836 - 23 Dec 1841
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/12
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of letters from Colonel William Light, Surveyor General, and G. S. Kingston, Deputy Surveyor, to the Commissioners of the South Australia Colonization Commission, regarding the surveying of the South Australian coastline, August to December 1836. This is followed by a register of ships dispatched to South Australia, mostly from Great Britain, between 22 February 1836 and 5 January 1841.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany; Ireland; South Africa
Country (to) Australia
Places Kangaroo Island, Port Jervis, Point Marsden, Rapid Bay, St Vincent Gulf, Port Lincoln, Spencer Gulf, Holdfast Bay, South Australia, Australia
Ports Falmouth, Deptford, Blackwall, London, Liverpool, Plymouth, Portsmouth, Deal, Hull, Gravesend, England; Leith, Dundee, Greenock, Scotland; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Hamburg, Germany; Kingstown, Dublin, Ireland
Nationality English; European; Irish; German; Scottish
Ships John Pirie; Duke of York; Cygnet; Lady Mary Pelham; Emma; Rapid; Africaine; Canton; Ganges; Prince Regent
Keywords surveying, harbour, colonisation, colony, child migration, emigration, female emigration, assisted emigration, death, birth, port, shipping
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK