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Title Emigration Commission, 1857. Volume 2. August to December. Public Offices, A to Z
Date 17 Jan 1856 - 18 Jan 1858
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/99
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices and individuals. Key topics include financial matters handled by emigration commissioners and officers, passenger welfare and health, complaints regarding the treatment of German emigrants and female emigration. Also includes individual applications for passage, and emigration returns.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany; Belgium
Country (to) Australia; United States of America; New Zealand; Brazil; Chile; Canada
Places London, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Victoria, Australia; Quebec, Canada; Antwerp, Belgium; Wellington, New Zealand; Leipzig, Hannover, Frankfurt, Germany; New York, United States; Queenstown, New Zealand
Ports Plymouth, Southampton, England; Cork, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Belgian; German
Ships Julia Anne; Golconda; Ann Wilson; City of Bristol
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Baron Taunton (Labouchere, Henry); Rogers, Frederick; Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry)
Keywords Liverpool & Philadelphia Steam Ship Company, rape, salary, penalties, land, assisted female Passengers' Act, health
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration Commissioners, 1857. Volume 1. January to July
Printed Documents in this Volume Newspaper Clippings on the Floating Brothels of England and America, Disgraceful Treatment of Emigrants and the Horrors of Emigration
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK