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Title Emigration (including Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 2. British Guiana and Jamaica Despatches
Date 3 Jan 1879 - 11 Feb 1880
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/123
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from the office of the Governors of British Guiana and Jamaica, with minutes and draft responses. Material comprises reports of journeys taken by emigrant ships, the conditions, the movement of labour around the Colonies and much of the material pertains to legislation surrounding the rights and protection of Indian and Chinese workers.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations
Country (from) India; China; British Guiana; Jamaica; St Helena; South Africa; Mauritius; Trinidad; Cuba; Venezuela
Country (to) India; China; British Guiana; Jamaica; St Helena; South Africa; Mauritius; Trinidad; Sri Lanka; Malaysia; Fiji; St Vincent; Grenada; Nevis; St Kitts; Cuba; Venezuela
Places Demerara, Berbice, Essequibo, British Guiana; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Kingston, Jamaica; Havana, Cuba
Ports Calcutta; India; Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality English; Indian; Chinese; Creole
Ships Newcastle; Suffolk; Berar; Malabar; Poonah; Howrah; Rohilla; Lightning; Silhet; Lord Hungerford; Chetah; Ganges; Ellora; Sheila; Aldergrove; Ailsa; St Kilda; Jumna
People Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry); Musgrave, Anthony; Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Crosby, James; Kartright, Sir Cornelius Hendrickson; Young, William A G; Marquis of Salisbury (Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Piercy Austin, Charles
Keywords ship ventilation, disease, health, mortality rate, journey conditions, Coolies, death, murder, manslaughter, legislation, education, surgeon, crime, labour supply, poor law, missionaries, coffee, plantations, wages, hospital
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK