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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration) 1877. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Date 12 Jul 1876; 2 Jan-1 Aug 1877
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/114
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Despatches, draft responses and minutes primarily concerning immigration into British Guiana and the Leeward Islands from India and China. Includes material on the legal treatment of immigrant workers, the flow of labour and legislation regulating it, and one large section that consists primarily of legal documents, reports and newspaper cuttings detailing cases against indentured workers, most for wilful indolence, by plantation owners.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) British Guiana; India; China; Nevis; Antigua; Barbados; United States of America; Jamaica; Grenada; Canary Islands; Trinidad
Country (to) British Guiana; India; China; Nevis; Antigua; Barbados; United States of America; Jamaica; Grenada; Canary Islands; Trinidad
Places Demerara, Essequibo, Berbice, British Guiana; Bengal, India; Washington, United States
Ports Calcutta, India; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality English; Indian; Chinese
Ships Ailsa; Georgetown; Neva; Soukar; Berkshire; Copenhagen; Hereford; Dinapore; Commodore Perry; Clyde; Golden Fleece; Trevelyan; Artist; Surrey; Hydrabad; Assaye; Jessie Munroe; Buckinghamshire; Burmah; Enmore; India; Gitana; Jura; Syria; Dacca; Casual; Jason; Medea
People Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Longden, Sir James Robert; Crosby, James; Berkeley, Sir George; Ommanney, Sir Montagu Frederick
Keywords medical staff, Immigration Ordinance, Coolie, sugar, rum, legislation, wilful indolence, crime, punishment, plantation, labour, labourers
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1877. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Colonies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1877. Volume 3. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1877. Volume 4. Offices and Individuals
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