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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1894. Volume 2
Date 23 Dec 1893 - 21 Jan 1895
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/190
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the Foreign Office and the West Indies dealing with the movement and management of indentured Indian labourers to and from the West Indies. Includes voyage reports, Australian colonists in Paraguay, recruitment of labourers for German East Africa, return passages for indentured labourers and sanitation concerns.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) India; China; Australia; Great Britain
Country (to) Brazil; Paraguay; Tanzania; British Guiana; Trinidad; Jamaica; Canada; St Helena; Mauritius; Singapore
Places Hawaii, United States; West Indies; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Valparaiso, Chile
Ports Calcutta, India; Canton, Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa; Madras, India
Nationality Chinese; Australian; Javanese; Indian; Dutch; German
Ships Lena; Volga; Pangola; Ems; Erne; Brenda; Hereford
People Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Viscount Goderich (Robinson, Frederick John); Ash, Rev T E; Alexander, A H; Bhose, Rev E B; Essoo; Lardner, D S; Mitchell, Charles Bullen Hugh; Trotter, J F; Goodridge, W; Tonceca, R
Keywords government, legislation, Coolie, shipping, journey conditions, health and sickness, medical staff, medicine, surgeon, leprosy, provisions, food, agent, labourer, labour, disease, immigration, family, agriculture, industry, women, children, settlement, colony, salt, cargo, shipwreck, sanitation, clothing, livestock, animals, transport, finance, racism, discrimination
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1894. Volume 1
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