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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1892. Volume 3. Offices and Individuals
Date 16 Dec 1891 - 12 Jan 1893
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/185
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches on the movement of indentured Indian labourers to the West Indies and German East Africa. Includes discussions on changes to immigration rules, return passages, allegations of cruelty against labourers by ship personnel, the alleged slavery of Chinese labourers and detention of ships. Also includes despatches on crofter emigration to British Columbia, Canada.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Russia; Mauritius; Great Britain; India; China; Singapore
Country (to) Australia; Brazil; Canada; Tanzania; Sri Lanka; Fiji; Borneo; British Guiana; St Helena; West Indies; Jamaica; St Lucia; Trinidad; Windward Islands; Peru; South Africa
Places Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; London, Ontario, British Columbia, Canada; Western Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Ports Calcutta, Madras, India; Liverpool, Bristol, England; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese; German; French; Scottish
Ships Lena; Avon; Bann; SS Belgravia; Hereford; Erne; Umtata; Pongola; British Peer; Volga; Foyle; HMS Raleigh
People Alexander, A H; Nourse, James
Keywords government, legislation, Coolie, shipping, journey conditions, health and sickness, medical staff, surgeon, agent, labourer, labour, disease, immigration, settlement, colony, transport, finance, crime, accommodation, death, plantation, births, agriculture, wages, exploitation, fraud, marriage, slavery, fishing and fishermen, crofter, assisted emigration, education, women, children, female emigration, domestic service, cargo, lunacy, leprosy, nurse, disability, measles, epidemic, food, violence, suicide
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1892. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1892. Volume 2. West Indian Colonies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK