The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Date 13 Jan 1888 - 13 Apr 1889
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/168
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches dealing with Indian labour in the East Indies and Australia. Includes details of the appointment of various Immigration Agents, Mr Kimber's Colonisation Scheme in Canada for state-aided colonisation, concerns regarding sanitation on Sri Lankan estates, inducements for labourers to settle in Fiji and emigration of Indian labourers to Australia.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; Africa; China; Great Britain
Country (to) Seychelles; Mauritius; Sri Lanka; Fiji; Malaysia; Australia; Canada; South Africa; St Helena; United States
Places Brisbane, Queensland, Western Australia, Australia; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Hawaii, United States
Ports Hong Kong, China; Calcutta, India; Adelaide, South Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Wellington, New Zealand; San Francisco, California, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States; Natal, South Africa
Nationality African; Chinese; Indian
Ships Hereford
People Lord Knutsford (Holland, Lord Henry Thurstan); Ashley, Evelyn; Thurston, John B
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, pension, labour, labourer, medical staff, agent, surgeon, marriage, plantation, health and sickness, death, crofter, shipping, emigration, accommodation, children, sugar, export, customs, poverty, religion, hospital, birth, illegitimacy, education, sanitation, crime, murder, execution, railway, fraud, cholera, disease
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Agents (Except Agents in India)
Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 4. Agents in India, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK