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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 4. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Date 4 Jan-31 Dec 1887
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/167
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Includes documents relating to the movement of indentured labourers from India to other British colonies, as well as the emigration of Scottish crofters to Canada and Chinese emigration to Panama. There are documents relating to child migration, the introduction of trained nurses to indentured labourer ships, and documents relating to several surgeon superintendents.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; India; China; France
Country (to) South Africa; Canada; British Guiana; Trinidad; Jamaica; Fiji; Mauritius; St Vincent; Australia; China; India
Places Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Manitoba, British Columbia, Canada; New South Wales, Australia; London, England
Ports Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China; Madras, Calcutta, India
Nationality Chinese; English; Canadian; Scottish; French
Ships Main; Ganges; Moy; Hereford; British Nation; Brenda; Clan McPherson; St Kilda; Laurel; Rewa; Umvoti; Allanshaw; Sheila; Bengallynn; Natal; Quathlamba; Elbe
People Chalmers, W B; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Holland, Sir Henry; McLean, John T; Mitchell, Robert W S; Stewart, A C; Yorker, Captain; Harvey, Dr R; Birch, Dr E; Warner, O W; Begg, Alexander; Danwell, G; Ewing, A C; Forster, N W; Greene, W; Gormanston, W; Gorder, A H W; Griffin, F; Hardwicke, E; Hawthorn, G; Kimber, Henry; Lucas, C P; Lesseps, G; Moore, J G;MacGregor, A M; Norton, J; Probyn, L C; Phillips, J; Robson, J J; Bishop of Rochester; Solecki, E; Sandhurst, L O; Smith, W S H; Tanner, H; Vitry, Dr G; White, A; Williams, Dr; Shaw, T C; Stuart, G
Keywords settlement, labour, poverty, compensation, agency, accounts, finance, nurse, health, sickness, medicine, remigration, report, fare, freight, salary, crofters, child migration, assisted emigration, contract, Coolies, indentured labour, pensioners, colonisation scheme, government, parliament, religion, surgeon superintendent, tax, business
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 1. Despatches (Except British Guiana)
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK