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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Date 7 Jan-11 Jan 1888
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/166
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Documents relating to Chinese emigration and the introduction of Chinese labourers into Mexico, Panama, and America. Accounts, audits and finances of various emigration and colonial offices. Remigration of Indian indentured labourers. Assisted emigration, including state-aided schemes. Documents relating to the Emigrants Information Office. Surgeons reports on disease, and conditions of various ships. There are also details of shipping contracts.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) Germany; China, India
Country (to) Mexico; Panama; India; Jamaica; Fiji; Trinidad; British Guiana; Mauritius; Canada; New Zealand; British Columbia; Borneo; South Africa; Grenada; St Lucia; St Vincent; St Kitts; Réunion
Places Auckland, New Zealand; Port Elizabeth, Capetown, South Africa; London, England; Grenada; Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Hong Kong, China; Madras, Calcutta, India
Nationality Chinese; Indian; English; Scottish
Ships Allanshaw; Main; Ganges; Avoca; Boyne; Bruce; British Nation; Mairi Bahn; Jura; Foyle
People Richards, Reverend H; Dr Perkins; Nourse, James; Schneider, T; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Lord Dunraven (Wyndham-Quin, Windham Thomas); Lord Knutsford (Holland, Lord Henry Thurstan); St John, Sir S; Lord Onslow; Viscount Cross (Cross, Sir Richard Assheton)
Keywords bankruptcy, finance, Coolies, indentured labour, labourer, insanity, health, sickness, mental health, remigration, fever, artificial ventilators, accounts, poverty, provisions, medical officers, death, audit, child migration, pensioners, assisted emigration, state-aided colonisation, Emigration Information Office, government, parliament, House of Lords, House of Commons, crofters, religion, church, contract, law, shipping, Panama Canal Company, agriculture, surgeon, disease, surgeon reports, ship defects
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 1. Despatches (Except British Guiana)
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1887. Volume 4. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK