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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 3. Despatches: Jamaica, Windward and Leeward Islands
Date 7 Jan 1885 - 27 Jan 1886
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/156
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the Colonial offices of Jamaica, The Windward Islands and the Leeward Islands. Documents cover topics including the concerns of the Anti-Slavery Society regarding the condition of Indian indentured labourers in Jamaica, loans for agents and offices, the role of Protector of Immigrants, indentured labourer petitions for a sum of money in lieu of return passage and records of murders amongst immigrants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; China
Country (to) Jamaica; Windward Islands; Leeward Islands
Nationality Chinese; Indian
Ships Hereford; Poonah; Lightning
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Earl of Derby (Stanley, Sir Edward Henry); Wingfield, Edward; Forester, N W; Hughes, R J; Wright, R J
Keywords emigration, government, finance, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, employment, living conditions, education, death, health and medicine
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 4. Offices and Companies
Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK