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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Date 2 Jan 1879 - 16 Feb 1880
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/122
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Despatches received from colonies such as Mauritius, Hong Kong and South Africa. This volume includes material on the health and welfare of Indian and Chinese immigrants, including new legislation to protect labourers. This volume also includes emigration returns, details regarding staffing and wages, and several letters of application from emigrants requesting assistance for passage.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; China; Mauritius; India; British Guiana; Seychelles; Réunion; Fiji; Bermuda;
Country (to) China; Mauritius; India; Malaysia; Australia; United States of America; Thailand; British Guiana; Philippines; Seychelles; Réunion; Brazil; Singapore; New Zealand; Fiji; New Caledonia; Bermuda; South Africa
Places Bangkok, Thailand; Sydney, Melbourne, Cooktown, Queensland, Victoria, Australia; Manila, Philippines; San Francisco, Portland, Oregon, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States; Auckland, Dunedin, New Zealand; Keppel Bay, Singapore; Canton, Whampoa, Guangzhou, China; Pamplemousses, Flacq, Mauritius; Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, Durban, Maritzburg, South Africa; Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Port Louis, Mauritius; Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia; Callao, Peru; Madras, Calcutta, India; Liverpool, England; Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality English; Irish; Welsh; Indian; Chinese; Fijian; African; American; German; Polynesian; Swedish
Ships Jacobine; Malvina; Cassandra; Deucalion; Canada; Zenobia; Umvoti; Neva; Ellora; Ophir; Mofussilite; Carrisbrooke; Leonidas; Lightning; Gaelic; Sale; Achilles; Bowen; Rajanathanuhar; City of Tokio; Japan; Venice; Oceanic; Hector; Lorne; Moray; Esmeralda; City of Peking; Danube; Ocean; Alden Besse; Belgic; Hindustan; Herbert Black; Coloma; Howard; Stonewall Jackson; Hillman of Allen; Radnorshire; Diomed; Arratoon Apcar; Somerset; Penobscot; Sarpedon; Thomas Sketcher; W.A. Holcomb; Atholl; Ajax; Bellona; Normandy; Dale; Antenor; Alaska; Adria; Agamemnon; St. Mark; Diamante; Emny; Karo; Hazelhurst; Maliva; Glenarchy; Teucer; Hakon Adelsten; Namoa; Gordon Castle; Nestor; Charlton; Brisbane; Glaucus; Geelong; Hesperia; Ulysses; Bokhara; Jeddah; Tevior; Priam; Thibet; Gleniffer; Cheong Kock Kian; Scotland; Khiva; Glenfalloch; Glencoe; Gleneagles; Lord of the Isles; Orestes; Hankow; Thales; Lombardy; Patroclus; Zambesi; Glenfinlas; Tehran; Electra; Chinkiang; Atholl; Stentor; Khedive; Anchises; Teucer; Malwa; Madagascar; Java; Killanney; Medea; Dartmouth; Zamboanga; El Dorado; London Castle; Vulcan; Marivales; Flintshire; America; Amy Turner; Menelaus; Mecca; Christina; Cyphrenes; Glenlyon; Mongolia; Perusia; Madeline; China; Glaucus; Nestor; Glengyle; Benledi; Henlyon; Lydia; Bokhara; Viceroy; Cathay; Patterdale; Yangtze; Guy Mannering; Indus; Oxfordshire; Glenarthey; Sunda; Menmuir; Godavery; Queen of the Age; Sadie F. Caller; Serica; Zuleika; Dupleix; Umgeni; Laron; Allum Ghier; Standar; Marie Amelie; Coldstream; Shah Jehan; Bridgetown; Kishna; Vimeira; Skimmer of the Waves; Daisy; Albuera; Neera; St Anne; Josephine; Edmonde Gabrielle; Actoea; Night Hawk; Burdigala; Olive Branch; Suffolk; Malabar; Dunphaile Castle; Merchantman; Poonah; Hastings; Lenobiar; Copenhagen
People Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Hennessy, Sir John Pope; Marsh, Sir William Henry; Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry)
Keywords German emigration, New Labour Code, hospital, railway, journey conditions, cholera, small pox, legislation, disease, health, medical staff, labour shortage, labour, labourer, Coolie, free passage, assisted passage
Additional Information The following foliated pages were not captured as they were blank: folio 267 / 332 / 560.
Language English; French; Fijian
Document(s) linked to Emigration (including Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 2. British Guiana and Jamaica Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK