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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 3. Individuals A to Z
Date 9 Jan 1837 - 12 Jan 1838
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/44
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of correspondence relating to emigration and assisted emigration from Great Britain to Canada and Australia. Includes reports on the state of the sea ports and issues with crews in colonial ports, as well as details on the appointment of A.C. Buchanan to the post of emigration agent for Quebec after his father vacated this post due to ill health. There are printed documents featuring letters from successful emigrants to their families and advice for emigrants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Australia
Places Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Portree, Skye, Edinburgh, Scotland; Bedford, Petworth, Suffolk, Sussex, England; New York, United States; Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Ports Glasgow, Scotland; Londonderry, Cork, Ireland; London, Liverpool, Plymouth, Portsmouth, England
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Lady MacNaughton; Diana; Bristol
People Grey, Sir George; Lord Glenelg (Grant, Charles); Buchanan, Alexander Carlise; Buchanan, A L; Friend, Lieutenant Charles; Foley, Eliza
Keywords family, child migration, assisted emigration, land grant, religion, petition, business, finance, death, trades, health, sickness, labour, agriculture, fare, law, violence, complaints, map, emigration agent report, emigration society, government, parliament, employment, compensation
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 1. Agent-General Elliot
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 2. Emigration Agents and Offices
Printed Documents in this Volume Emigration to Australia
Letters From Sussex Emigrants Gone Out From the South Side of the Hills to Canada
The Diana
Prospectus of the Preston and Wyre Dock Company for the Construction of Docks and Warehouses in Wyre Harbour, Lancashire
Shortly Will be Published, A Tractate on Emigration, With Advice to Emigrants
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK