The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 2. Emigration Agents and Offices
Date 10 Jan 1837 - 18 Jan 1838
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/43
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of letters and reports relating to various Emigration Agents. This includes several documents accounting for the number of emigrants from Great Britain to Canada, Australia, and the United States along with several reports relating to the migration of these people. There are many printed documents addressing the difficulties faced because of illegitimate emigration services.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Cape de Verde
Country (to) United States of America; Canada; Australia;
Places Birmingham, Brighton, England; Greenock, Dundee, Thurso, Scotland; Baltimore, Maryland, New York, New York, United States; Quebec, Canada; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Copenhagen, Denmark
Ports London, Liverpool, Portsmouth, England; Greenock, Scotland; Cork, Dublin, Belfast, Limerick, Ireland
Nationality Irish; Scottish; English
Ships John Barry; Edward
People Lord Glenelg (Grant, Charles); Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Low, Lieutenant Robert; Henry, Lieutenant; Hodder, Lieutenant; Miller, Lieutenant; Friend, Lieutenant Charles; Forrest, Lieutenant; Hemmans, Lieutenant; Grey, Sir George; Buchanan, Alexander Carlisle; Bourke, Major General Sir Richard
Keywords emigration agent, provisions, finance, law, assisted emigration, religion, parliament, government, navy, army, health, sickness, governments, labour, agriculture, trade, petition, statistics, poverty
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 1. Agent-General Elliot
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 3. Individuals A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume Letter to Lieutenant Lowe, R.N., the Government Emigration Agent at the Port of Liverpool
With Supplementary Remarks by a Passenger Broker
Leaflet on the Practical and Economical Relief of the Poor
Outline of a Practical Plan for the Immediate Effective, Economical Relief of the Starving and Destitute Poor of Ireland
But More Particularly the Unemployed Labouring Classes
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK