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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1834. Volume 1, Committee and Agents. Emigration Committee: Mr Marshall, Mr Buchanan and the Agents
Date 20 Sep 1830 - 31 Dec 1834
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/35
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the emigration agents at British ports. Discusses English and Irish female emigration to Tasmania, including lists of those women selected by the Emigration Committee per ship, with their names, ages and professions. Also includes weekly emigration returns from Canada, quarterly port emigration returns Mr Buchanan's Report of Emigration to the Canadas in 1833 and details of exploitation of intending emigrants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; Canada; United States of America
Places Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Canada; Glasgow, Scotland
Ports Gravesend, Bristol, Liverpool, England; Hobart, Tasmania, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Ireland; New York City, United States; Belfast, Northern Ireland; Leith, Scotland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Duchess of Northumberland; Sarah; Bussorah Merchant; Strathfieldsaye; Layton; David Scott; Beaufort; Artemis; Oscar; Esther; Alarimion; Pomona; Spring Hill; Canadian; Great Britain; New Eagle; Rosalind; Mentor; Sophia; Jona; Cour de Lion; Amazon; Fairie; Thomas Richie; Jupitar; Lord Wellington; Euphrosyne; Endeavour; Breeze; Albion; Caroline; Concord; Brigalia; John Welsh; Hercules; Exmouth; Onandago; Resolution; Marshall McDonald; Ocean; Brilliant; John; Priam; Ebor; St David; Hedleyd; Aid; Crown; Astrea; Spring Flower; Eclipse; Six Sisters; Victoria; Cyrus; John and Thomas; Rising Sun; Hannah; General Graham; Margaret Bogle; Boliver; Cherokee; Needham; Dominica; Panmure; Annandale; Kingston; Bows; Edward Colston; Little Catherine; Hope; Ainsley Castle; Rokeley; Matilda; Charity; Independence; Frederick; Penelope; Recovery; Pallas; Governor Douglas; Robert McWilliam; Dominica; Champlain; Mary; Eliza Ann; Grace; Brutus; Hoila; Henry; Ann and Mary; Eden; Clitus; Hero; Levant Star; Brilliant; Argus; John Thomas; Margaret; Helen; Canada; Industry; Avon; Earl of Aberdeen; Betsy Heron; Ardgowan; Lord Goderich; Dorcas Savage; Hawkesbury; Susan; William Herdman; Sally; Guadiana; Morning Star; Wansbeck; Warner; Consbrook; Crystal; Concord; Amity; Kingston; Experiment; Woodman; Cosmo; Douchfour; Francis; Tom; Mary; Henderson; Wlliam and Ann; Elizabeth and Sarah; Scipio; Eliano; Susanna; Baltic Merchant; Friendship; Trio; Edward Charlton; Welcome; Hebron; Earl of Egremont; Prince of Brazil
People Low, Lieutenant Robert; Marshall, Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Jones, Captain Philip; Buchanan, Alexander Carlise; Bourke, Major General Sir Richard; Forest, Lieutenant; Miller, Lieutenant; Lynch, Lieutenant; Hemmans, Lieutenant Samuel Hood; Walkinshaw, Edward; Henry, Lieutenant; Hodder, Lieutenant; Friend, Lieutenant
Keywords government, legislation, shipping, health and sickness, accommodation, medical staff, surgeon, agent, settlement, colony, transport, finance, death, employment, exploitation, women, female emigration, provisions, assisted emigration, passenger, domestic service, education, food, press, labourer, land grant, Passengers' Act, hospital
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia. Volume 2. Public Offices and A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume The Committee For Promoting the Emigration of Females to the Australian Colonies
Scheme of Vitualling for Female Emigrants, on the Voyage From London to Australia, Directed by the Emigration Committee to be Daily Issued
Extract from the Courier and New York Enquirer on the Twenty-Third Congress, First Session
For the Information of Emigrants. Office of His Majesty's Chief Agent for the Superintendence of Emigrants in Upper and Lower Canada
Official Information for Emigrants, Arriving at New York, and Who Are Desirous of Settling in the Canadas
Also, Extracts From the Instructions For Emigrants Arriving at Quebec, as Issued by A. C. Buchanan, Esq. His Britannic Majesty's Chief Agent For Emigration to the Canadas
For the Information of Emigrants Arriving at New York, and Who Are Desirous of Settling in Canada
Public Notice
Official Caution to Emigrants [Printed in the Times]
Refutation of the False and Injurious Charges Contained in a Letter Published in the London and Provincial Papers, and Signed "Robert Low, Lt. R.N., "His Majesty's Agent," &c. Addressed to "Lieutenant Lynch, "Government Agent for Emigration," Limerick
To Emigrants and Shippers
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK