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Title Emigration. North America, 1841. Commissioners. Public Offices and A to Z
Date 7 Jan 1841 - 22 Feb 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/67
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Letters of application from prospective settlers to North America requesting passage to, and land in, Canada. Correspondence of the Land Board, passenger lists, and cases of Captain misconduct.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places Glasgow, Scotland
Ships Lord of Cochrane; Ponoma
People Stephen, Sir James; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Grey, Sir George; Baron Glenelg (Grant, Charles); Villiers, Sir Edward; Vernon Smith, Sir Herbert
Keywords emigration, colony, petition, soldier, settlement, land, travel, passenger, government, assisted emigration, money, ship
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume Correspondence Regarding the Passengers' Act
Extracts of Correspondence between C. E. Trevelyan and James Stephen
Petition of the First Glasgow Protestant Canadian Emigration Society
To the Nobility, Bankers, and Merchants of Scotland, the Petition of the Glasgow East-Quarter, Calton, and Mile-End Emigration Society
An Earnest and Affectionate Appeal on Behalf of The Orphans and Destitute Children of Emigrants in Canada
The Relief Union. For Aiding the Destitute
Correspondence Relative to Emigration to Canada
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK