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Title Emigration. North America, 1840. Commissioners, Public Offices and A-Z
Date 1 Dec 1839; 1 Jan 1840 - 7 Jan 1841
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/61
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from government offices relating to emigration to Canada. Includes emigration returns, agent's reports and reports of emigrant queries, reports containing suggestions for encouraging emigration to Canada and the allocation and sale of Crown Lands in Canada, including details of funds, returns, instalments and arrears. Also includes several lists of ships and ports, and of immigrant occupations.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places New Brunswick, Montreal, Quebec, Grosse Île, Nova Scotia, Toronto, Bytown, Ontario, Canada; Dublin, Ireland; Hamburg; Gibraltar; New York City, United States
Ports Greenook, Glasgow, Scotland; Liverpool, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Bristol, London, Scarborough, England; Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Belfast, Londonderry, Ireland; Newport, Aberystwyth, Carmarthen, Swansea, Wales; Quebec, Montreal, Newfoundland, Canada
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Agenoria; Albion; Amanda; Amelia; Andrew Marvel; Ann Grant; Ann; Anne Liffey; Anne; Arthorp; Astrea; Belona; Bornio; Bragilla; Breese; Breeze; Brilliant; British King; Canada; Caroline; Carrick; Catherine; Centenary; Chaplain; Chapman; Cherub; Clio; Clyde; Commercial; Corinthian; Creole; Cruckstow Castle; Dealy; Despatch; Dolphin; Dominicia; Don; Dumfries; Ebore; Edward and Mary; Edward Thorne; Elizabeth; Energy; Esperance; Express; Five; Gaspie Packet; Governor; Greenhow; Hartford; Henry; Hercules; Heroine; Hibernia; Hotspur; Hypolite; Independante; Industry; Jamaica; James Smith; Jane; John and Ann; John and Mary; John Bell; Josepha; Kingston; Lady; Levan Lass; Llan Rumney; Llantoran Abbey; Lord Goderich; Lord Palmer; Lotus; Margaret Boyle; Margaret Pointer; Mariner; Mariness Hope; Marquis of Normandy; Mary Ann Hatton; Mary Ann; Mary; Munico; Oberon; Ocean; Pomona; Prince George; Providence; Quebec Packet; Queen; Rainbow; Robert Burns; Robert Kerr; Robert Watson; Sarah Stewart; Sarah; Sarepta; Sir George Provost; Sir William Wallace; Sisters; South Durham; Spey; St James; Thomas Ritchie; Thomas Rowel; Tottenham; Trial; True Briton; Try Again; Undine; Unity; Urania; Victoria; Victory; Viola; Vittorie; Westmoreland; William Burton; William Walker; Windscales
People Stephen, James; Villiers, Sir Edward; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Earl Russell (Russell, Lord John); Torrens, Robert; Lord Sydenham (Poulett Thomson, Charles); Walcott, Stephen
Keywords British American Land Company, Canada Company, Passengers' Act, tax, crown lands, land sale, land grant, land price, labour, provisions
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume Correspondence Relative to the Colonial Land and Emigration Board Canada
Supplementary Report of The Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners on Emigration to Canada
Land and Emigration Board. New Brunswick
Canada. Correspondence Relating to the Affairs of Canada
Canada. Correspondence Relating to the Affairs of Canada
Copy of a Letter from T. F. Elliot, Esq., and the Hon. E. E. Villiers, to J. Stephen, Esq.
Correspondence Relative to the Colonial Land and Emigration Board
Address of the House of Assembly of Upper Canada
Canada. Copy of a Despatch From Sir George Arthur to Lord John Russell
An Earnest and Affectionate Appeal on Behalf of the Orphans and Destitute Children of Emigrants in Canada
Canada, Correspondence Relative to Emigration to Canada
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK