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Title Emigration. North America, 1828 [Part 1]
Date 13 Oct 1827 - 9 Dec 1828
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/20
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence to various government offices regarding emigration from the United Kingdom to Canada and the United States. Material covered includes individual petitions for assisted migration and grants of land, petitions from emigration societies for large scale migration of the poor, and discussions regarding the formation of a formal Colonial Land Board. Also contains correspondence on the Passengers' Act, and other legislation regulating passenger vessels.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) United Kingdom
Country (to) Canada; United States of America; Australia
Places Edinburgh, Glasgow, Scotland; Tasmania, Australia; New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Canada
Ports Liverpool, England; Cork, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
People Cockburn, Sir Francis; Murray, Sir George; Marquess of Lansdowne (Petty-Fitzmaurice, Henry); Peel, Sir Robert
Keywords Passengers' Act, Royal Navy, surgeon, petition, emigration societies, land grant, Poor Law, emigration scheme, skilled migration, labour, labourers
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America, 1828. Offices and Individuals
Mr. Buchanan (Including MS. Fair Copy of Pamphlet Entitled 'Emigration Practically Considered') [Part 2]
Printed Documents in this Volume An Act Regulating Passenger Ships and Vessels
Purposes of Emigration Societies, Union and Agency. To the Emigration Union of Ceres, Scoonie, Kennoway, Cults, and Largo
To All Friends to the Distressed, and Well-disposed Christians, the Petition of the Glasgow Emigrant Society
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK