The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration. North America, 1828. Offices and Individuals; Mr. Buchanan (Including MS. Fair Copy of Pamphlet Entitled 'Emigration Practically Considered') [Part 2]
Author Buchanan, Alexander Carlisle
Date 6 Apr 1827 - 22 May 1828
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/20
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of correspondence from A. C. Buchanan, Chief Agent for Emigration to Canada, the 'Manuscript of Mr Buchanan's Pamphlet on Emigration', and a bound in copy of a pamphlet entitled `Emigration Practically Considered'. Buchanan's pamphlet is a report on emigration to British North America (Canada), but also goes into detail about a national scheme for assisted emigration, including costs, forecasts for repayments and notes on improvements of the quality of life. Buchanan looks at the emigration of other countries to North America and also discusses classical examples of migration, e.g. ancient Rome.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Journey Conditions
Country (from) Great Britain; France; Spain
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places Quebec, St. John, Halifax, New Brunswick, Canada; New York, Louisiana, United States
Ports Londonderry, Cork, Dublin, Ireland; London, Liverpool, England
Nationality English; French; Spanish; Irish
People Buchanan, Alexander Carlisle; Cockburn, Sir Francis; Lord Dalhousie (Ramsay, General George)
Keywords emigration, family, assisted emigration, parliament, government, politics, tax, empire, trade, passenger, poverty, labour, religion, push factors, pull factors, agriculture, provisions, commerce, death, health, sickness
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America, 1828 [Part 1]
North America, 1828. Offices and Individuals, Mr. Buchanan [Part 3]
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK