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Title Emigration, General. Offices and Individuals, 1854, Volume 2
Date 2 Jan-15 Dec 1854
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/93
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices concerning the admin, expenditure, accounts and organisation of emigration. Includes material concerning the health of emigrants of American ships with particular reference to cholera, the application and resolution for the formation of an emigration depot at Bristol, and correspondence regarding the Liverpool & Philadelphia Steam Ship Company's exemption from particular United Kingdom emigration laws.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Brazil
Country (to) United States of America; Canada; Australia; British Guiana
Places Quebec, Montreal, Canada; Washington, Boston, New York, Louisiana, United States
Ports Bristol, Liverpool, Birkenhead, England; Glasgow, Scotland; Portland, United States; Dublin, Limerick, Cork, Sligo, Londonderry, Conway, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Dirigo; Sarah Sands; City of Manchester; City of Glasgow; City of Philadelphia; City of Baltimore; Closina; Primrose; Energy; Triumph; Thebes; Ranger; Elconer; Jane Black; Conway; Sea Nymph; Jessie
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Peel, Sir Frederick; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham)
Keywords shipwreck, cholera, Passengers' Act, trade, Liverpool & Philadelphia Steam Ship Company, journey conditions, health, sickness, surgeons, hospital
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration, General. Public Offices. Land Board, 1854, Volume 1
Printed Documents in this Volume Report and Proceedings of the Bristol Chamber of Commerce, at the Annual Meeting of the Members, Held, by Permission, in the Hall of the Society of Merchant Venturers, King-Street, Bristol, on Wednesday, the 25th January, 1854
the President, George Pope, Esquire, in the Chair
Bristol as a Depôt and Port of Departure For Emigrants. Evidence Given Before the "Emigrant Ships' Committee" of the House of Commons, on the 29th of May 1854, Copy of Memorial to His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, Colonial Secretary, the Resolution of Bristol Shipowners and Shipbrokers, and of the Replies of the Colonial Office, with Introductory Remarks
Liverpool and Philadelphia Steam-ship Company Advertisement and Bill of Fare
Steam Communication Monthly From Liverpool to New York, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Charleston, Havana, &c. By Way of Philadelphia
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK