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Title Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Date 6 Jan 1885 - 3 Mar 1886
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/158
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches concerning Indian labour in the West Indies. Includes the amalgamation of Mauritius and British Guiana emigration agencies, details of medicine supplies on board emigrant vessels, payment to the Bengal flood relief fund, emigrant ship captains suspended over violations of regulations and the running of immigration to British Guiana. Also includes details of Chinese emigration to Mexico.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; China; Great Britain
Country (to) British Guiana; St Helena; Trinidad; St Lucia; St Kitts Nevis; Australia; Guadeloupe; South Africa; Jamaica; Mauritius; Fiji; St Vincent; Mexico; Canada
Places Western Australia, Tasmania, Australia
Ports Hong Kong, China; Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, India; Demerara, British Guiana; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; English; Chinese
Ships Bruce; Shamon; Foyle; Jorawur; Allanshaw; SS Newnham; Bann; British Peer; Ganges; Nagpore; Grecian; Neva; Brenda; British Statesman; Jura; Norbudda; SS Prohura; Hereford; Ellora; Poonah; SS Bracadaile; Syria; Howiah; Pericles; SS Natal; SS Abington; Minero; Lady Douglas; SS Bonnington; Helena Mena; SS Glengoil; Abbey Holme; Vale of Doon; Howrah; Hesperides; Mt Lebanon
People Campbell, Sir G; Bunbury, P A; Conran, J G; Mitchell, Robert W S; Cracknell, J E; Woodroffe, Gordon; Lorne, Lord; Norman, Sir H; Nourse, James; O'Neill, J H; Prittie, R W; Payne, Dr A J; Schneider, T; Stuart, G; Swan, R; Trotter, J F
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, labour, labourer, medical staff, medicine, agent, surgeon, plantation, health and sickness, death, shipping, emigration, accommodation, hospital, sanitation, provisions, crime, passenger, fines
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 3. Despatches: Jamaica, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 4. Offices and Companies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK