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Title Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 3, Miscellaneous. Public Offices and A to Z
Date 26 Jan-23 Dec 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/72
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Correspondence from miscellaneous government offices and individuals regarding bounty passages, land grants, free passage and systems of emigration to Australia and New Zealand. Includes detailed reports concerning the issue of fever on the ship 'Theresa' and the transportation of passengers from the ship 'India' after it caught fire at sea.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand
Places New South Wales, Australia
Ports Plymouth, Bristol, England; Phillip, Victoria, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Hamburg, Germany; Auckland, New Zealand
Nationality German; English; Belgian
Ships Theresa; Science; Perepama; Mangles; India; Grindlay; Sarah
People Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Earl Russell (Russell, Lord John); Cowper, H Augustus
Keywords government, emigration, colony, land grant, finance, employment, women, shipping, surgeon, food, New Zealand Company, assisted emigration, journey conditions, labour, fever, disease, health and sickness, quarantine, education, insurance, Lloyds, Napoleonic War
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 1, January to June. Emigration Commissioners
Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 2, July to December. Commissioners
Printed Documents in this Volume Copy of a Despatch From Lord Stanley to Governor Sir George Gipps Regarding Monies Paid Out of the Treasury of New South Wales, on Account of New Zealand. Copy of a Despatch From Lord Stanley to Governor Hobson Regarding Correspondence with the Foreign Office Relative to the Proposed Emigration of a Body of Germans from Hamburg to New Zealand
Responding to an Article in the Paisley Advertiser, Andrew Mercer Addresses Sir William M. Napier on the Subject of Distribution of Funds to the Poor
British Produce and Manufacturers Exported from the United Kingdom in Each Year, From 1831 to 1840 Inclusive, Compared with Analogous Exports to the Australian Colonies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK