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Title Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 2, July to December. Commissioners
Author Villiers, Sir Edward
Date 4 Jul-28 Dec 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/71
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Correspondence from the Colonial Land and Emigration Office regarding bounty passages and land grants for emigration to Australia and New Zealand, particularly concerning the New Zealand Company. Includes details of land claims, Treasury accounts, the refusal of bounty money to certain emigrants, the ships carrying bounty emigrants and the National Emigration Ballot.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand
Places New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, Australia
Ports Plymouth, Gravesend, Liverpool, England; Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia; Wellington, New Zealand
Nationality Belgian
Ships Bombay; Thomas; Sparks; Paragon; John Woodall; Garland Grove; Essex; Waverley; New Ship; King William; Royal Saxon; Theresa; Royal Sovereign; Duke of Roxburgh; Sir Charles Napier; Dauntless; Bucephalus; Robert Smale; Seaton; Duke of Argyle; Sudan; Amelia; Catherine Jamieson; Ward Chipman; Calder; Arab; Gertrude; Whitby; Will Watch; Oriental; Lloyds; Mary Anne; Fifeshire; Lord Auckland; Brougham; Clifton; Brisman; Bolton; Timandra; London; Clifford; United Kingdom; Champion; Nabob; Carpathian; New York Packet
People Earl Russell (Russell, Lord John); Gipps, Sir George; Villiers, George; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Brisbane, Lieutenant General Sir Thomas; DeWitte, Charles; Governor Hobson (Hobson, Captain William)
Keywords government, emigration, colony, land grant, statistics, finance, employment, women, crime, provisions, surgeon, food, New Zealand Company, assisted emigration, prostitution, prostitute
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 1, January to June. Emigration Commissioners
Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 3, Miscellaneous. Public Offices and A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume The National Emigration Ballot
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK