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Title Emigration, 1873. Public Offices and A to Z
Date 6 Jan-24 Dec 1873
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/101
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices regarding emigration. Main topics include the staffing and administration of emigration offices (salaries, appointments), correspondence on the Forfeited Deposits Fund, emigration returns, migration schemes to Peru, Chile and Argentina and legislation regarding the supervision of passengers to the United States.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) United States of America; Australia; Canada; Argentina; Peru; Chile
Places Washington, United States; Lima, Peru; Chupat, Argentina
Ports Liverpool, London, Plymouth, Southampton, England; Glasgow, Greenock, Scotland; Cork, Londonderry, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Welsh
People Herbert, Robert G W; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Holland, Henry Thurstan; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen
Keywords emigration returns, compensation, pensions, salary, Forfeited Deposit Fund, legislation, journey conditions, skilled migration, labour
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK