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Title Colonial Land and Emigration Commission. Eleventh General Report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, 1851
Date 1851
Document Type Printed Extract
Reference CO 384/86
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Report on the welfare of Australian and Canadian colonies, the Passengers' Act and immigration into the West Indies.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Australia; New Zealand
Places Canterbury, New Zealand; New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia, Australia; Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Canada; West Indies; Madeira; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Natal
Ports Hong Kong, China
Nationality Irish
People Darling, Lieutenant General Sir Ralph; Mitchell, Dr; Colebrooke, Sir W; Campbell, Sir J
Keywords emigration, railway, government, shipping, surgeon, religion, orphan, children, female emigration, domestic service, finance, immigration, Passengers' Act, land grant, coal, alcohol, New Zealand Company, climate, labour, death, remigration
Additional Information This document is part of CO 384/86 from The National Archives, UK.
Language English
Original Volume Emigration. General Miscellaneous, 1851
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK