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Title Colonial Land and Emigration Board. Original Correspondence: Natal. Correspondence etc. Relating to Passages for Emigrants
Date 1875-1878
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/8
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters of the Colonial Land and Emigration Board, specifically regarding the passage of emigrants to Natal, South Africa. Also included is a release addressed by William Lindsay and others to the commissioners in connection with emigration to, and grants of land in, Natal, 15 February 1855. Many letters refer to the Union Steam Ship Company, vessels sent by them to Natal for the transportation of emigrants and requests for embarkation orders and passenger lists.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Ships and Shipping Lines; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies
Country (from) Great Britain; Canada; France
Country (to) South Africa
Places Natal, South Africa; London, Cornwall, Middlesex, England
Ports Southampton, England
Nationality English; European; French
Ships Wanderer; Washington; Henry Tanner; Dreadnought; Arrival; King William; Ina; Sovereign; Edward; Lady Bruce; Conquering Hero; Roman; Danube
People Lindsay, William; Brynne, Joseph Charles; Carter, Robert; Manning, Charles John; Anderson, John; Edwards, Edward Watkin; Marshall, George; Engelbach, A H;
Keywords emigration, administration, shipping, passage money, emigration scheme, land, land grant, charter, ship owner, banking, insurance, advertisement, commissionaires, labourer, mechanics, skilled emigration, emigrant selection, agriculture, farming, bounty emigration, assisted emigration, passenger list, employment, Union Steam Ship Company, steamboat, immigration agent, family, unmarried
Language English; French
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK