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Title Canada Settlers, 1817, Volume 1, A-Z
Date 2 Jan-29 Dec 1817
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/1
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Letters from prospective settlers in North America together with brief comments on the success of their applications. Many are from Army and Navy personnel on half pay.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany; United States of America; Ireland
Country (to) Canada
Places London, Deptford, England; Halifax, Nova Scotia, Quebec, York, Ontario, Canada; Londonderry, Northern Ireland; Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; German; American
Ships Lord Middleton; Trafalgar; James Berridge; Brave William Frost; Clio; Newbigger
People Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Prince George; Prince Frederick; Cochrane, Sir Alexander
Keywords army, Royal Navy, children, emigration, assisted emigration, religion, morality, government, colony, land grant, dockyard, soldier, sailor, agriculture, family, Protestantism, Catholicism, East India Company, American War of Independence, petition
Additional Information Document includes lists of passenger names. This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Canada Settlers, 1817. Volume 2. Public Offices
Printed Documents in this Volume Address to the Labouring Classes of Britain on the Questions of an Equality in Property and Universal Suffrage
By the Honourable Sir Alexander Cochrane, K. B. Vice Admiral of the Red, and Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Ships and Vessels, Upon the North American Station &c. &c. &c. A Proclamation
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK