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Title Annual Reports for the Canadian North West Land Company, 1883-1893
Date 31 Mar 1883 - 31 March 1893
Document Type Report; Legal Papers
Reference M-6531-12
Library / Archive Glenbow Museum
Collection Name Canada Northwest Land Ltd. Fonds
Description Reports of the Board of Directors to be laid before the shareholders. Details the companies shares in towns and village sites, balance sheets, profits and loss accounts and an address to the shareholders.
Series Description From Series 3 – Annual reports, 1883-1968.
Biographical Note / History The Canada North-West Land Company (Limited) (CNWLC), a British-Canadian syndicate, was incorporated as a British company in 1882 when the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) agreed to sell it 5,000,000 acres (2,000,000 ha) of land in the North-West Territories. This land comprised the odd-numbered sections in each Township along the CPR main line, except 11 and 29 which were reserved for school lands. The objects of CNWLC included: to act as agents or trustees for the buying or selling of farm and townsite land; to erect buildings for settlers, lay out town lots, and construct roads and ditches; to market timber and minerals; and to act as emigration agents. In 1883, the contract was modified to 2,200,000 acres (880,000 ha) exclusive of town sites, and the company's head offices were moved from Toronto to Winnipeg. The CNWLC also held trusteeship to 47 towns on the CPR main line. The trusteeship was terminated in 1908 and the unsold townsite properties divided between the CPR and the CNWLC. The original directors included the Duke of Manchester, Lord Elphinstone, Sir Roland Blennerhasset and F. H. Evans in England, and in Canada, Donald Smith, W. B. Scarth, and E. B. Osler. By 1893 the direction and ownership of the company became increasingly Canadian. The company went into liquidation when the British investors saw that settlement was slower than expected, and therefore a new company with the same name was incorporated in Canada to take over the business and property of the organisation. The new president was W. C. Van Horne and the vice-president, E. B. Osler. The board was rounded out by persons closely connected with the CPR such as Donald Smith, R. B. Angus, and T. G. Shaughnessy. In 1894 the CPR Land Department took over the administration and sale of the company's lands. Beginning in 1906, the directors began to liquidate the company by selling lands and distributing part of the proceeds to the shareholders. As the company's lands had been acquired before the alienation of mineral rights to the Crown in 1905, the company began to lease some of its lands to oil companies in 1949 and receive royalties. By 1957 the company was declared to be no longer "in liquidation" and became an operating oil company. After 1966, it began to invest in exploration activities. It was restructured in 1969 and renamed Canada Northwest Land Limited. Offices were moved to Calgary, Alberta, other companies acquired, and offices opened in London, England and Denver, Colorado, USA. The company subsequently changed its name to Canada Northwest Energy in 1982. For further information see Land to Energy, 1882-1982 / Charles S. Lee, editor, Calgary: Canada Northwest Energy, 1983.
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Keywords land, business, emigration, industry
Additional Information Please note: Some of the metadata for this document has been taken from the Glenbow Museum catalogue.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Minute Book for the Canadian North West Land Company
Copyright Glenbow Museum