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Title Australia: Letters from Secretary of State. Domestic, 1853-1855
Date 30 Aug 1853 - 28 Feb 1855
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 385/27
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Entry Books
Description Letters sent and received by the Australian Secretary of State, many of which refer to European applications to emigrate to the Australian colonies. Many letters refer to particular ships, detailing their journey, the duration of the voyage and general conditions on board. There are particular references to the death of Chinese emigrants on board the 'Nepaul', the misconduct of the surgeon and master of the 'Hope' and the shipwrecks of the 'Monumentality' and the 'Annie Jane'. General information on the arrival of various ships in Victoria and Melbourne is included. Several letters refer to the outbreak of cholera on board emigrant ships and in the Australian colonies and the reactive construction of cholera hospitals. Other letters refer to the transportation of convicts and their families to Australia, the arrival of Irish orphan emigrants, amendments to the Passengers' Act, the mining industry and want of emigrant labourers and the purchase and allocation of crown lands in the Australian colonies.
Series Description This series contains entry books of correspondence on emigration.
Theme(s) Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Ships and Shipping Lines; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany; Ireland
Country (to) Australia
Places Tasmania, Australia; Shetland Islands; Ticonderoga, New York, United States; Nelson, New Zealand; Paisley, Scotland
Ports Port Curtis, Queensland, Sydney, New South Wales, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality British; European; Chinese; Scottish; Irish; German
Ships Kate; Irene; Hope; Palestine; Isabella Blyth; Nepaul; Eliza; Constance; Monteagle; Sacramento; Earl Grey; British Queen; Sea; Bride; Calliope; Derry Castle; Childe Harold; Hercules; Kossuth; John Gray; Ontario; Humboldt; Wilson Kennedy; Monumentality; Lady Kennaway; Ida; Genghis Khan; Harpley; Elizabeth; Rattler; Tamar; Parsee; Eden; Argyle; Pekin; Credenda; Statesman; Oithona; Berkshire
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Bennett, Marshall; Buxton, Sir F; Wickham, H D; Stirling, Sir James; Grey, Sir Charles Edward; Merivale, Herman (1806-1874); Peel, Sir Frederick; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick
Keywords immigrant, administration, government, passage money, passenger, wages, return passage, land sale, shipping, crown lands, immigration agent, surgeon, gold, regulations, finance, provisions, journey conditions, travel, medical treatment, food, allotments, labourer, emigration, convict, family, transportation, surveying, application, death, emigrant selection, mining, Passengers' Act, legislation, labour shortage, women, health and sickness, disease, cholera, hospital, construction, shipwreck, shipping register, charter, passenger list, Board of Trade, election, debt, expenses, navigation, loan, societies, iron, religion, punishment, law, compensation, accounts, orphan, colony conditions, female emigration, parliament, admiralty, Catholicism, agriculture, free passage, freight, coal, weaver, clergy
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK