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Title Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 1, January to June. Emigration Commissioners
Author Villiers, Sir Edward
Date 6 Jan-30 Jun 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/70
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Correspondence from the Colonial Land and Emigration Office regarding bounty regulations, free passages, loans and land grants for emigration to Australia and New Zealand. Includes details of land claims, Treasury accounts, mortality on board emigrant ships and their conditions and New Zealand Company emigration activities. Includes the condemnation of the emigrant ship 'Mangles'.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand
Places London, England; Western Australia, Australia
Ports Port Phillip, Melbourne, Victoria, Sydney, New South Wales, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Plymouth, England
Ships Palestine; Alped; Himalaya; Regulus; Maryles; Mangles; Prince Rupert; Theresa; Orleana; Platina; Apolline; Lady Nugent; Duchess of Argyle; Jane Gifford; Simon Taylor; Queen Victoria; Timandra; Merseys; Ward Chipman
People Stephen, James; Gipps, Sir George; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Governor Hobson (Hobson, Captain William); Franklin, Sir John
Keywords government, emigration, colony, land grant, statistics, finance, employment, agriculture, labour, labourer, Passengers' Act, family, provisions, surgeon, death, education, army, military, New Zealand Company
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 2, July to December. Commissioners
Emigration. Australia, 1842. Volume 3, Miscellaneous. Public Offices and A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume Passengers' Act. Report of Land and Emigration Commissioners, On necessity of Amending The Passengers' Act
Correspondence Relative to Emigration
New South Wales: Notice for the Information of Parties Desirous of Purchasing Land in New South Wales, Western Australia, or New Zealand
Government Emigration Office: Regulations to be Observed in the Selection of Labourers for a Free Passage to the Sydney or Port Phillip Districts of New South Wales, to Western Australia or to Van Diemen's Land, and New Zealand
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK