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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 4. Offices and Companies
Date 5 Jan-27 Dec 1885
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/157
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from Colonial Offices, the Foreign Office, India Office and various other organizations and societies regarding emigration. Documents cover topics including the emigration of pauper children, emigration rules, estates of indentured labourers dying intestate and Chinese emigration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) China; Singapore; Japan; India; Great Britain
Country (to) Mexico; United States of America; China; Trinidad; St Lucia; Mauritius; South Africa; British Guiana; Canada
Places Hawaii, United States
Ports Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Chinese; Indian
Ships Mount Lebanon; Chi Yuen; Cheetah; Shan Jehan; Bracadaile; L'Exeincteur
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Earl of Derby (Stanley, Sir Edward Henry); Wingfield, Edward; Forester, N.W; Hughes, R J; Wright, R J
Keywords emigration, government, finance, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, employment, living conditions, education, death, health and medicine
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 3. Despatches: Jamaica, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK