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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/154
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the Colonial offices of Hong Kong, Mauritius, Fiji, Straits Settlements, Natal, St Helena and Ceylon. Documents cover the murder of women, prohibitions against deck passengers, assessments of Estate Hospitals and other medical services, details of executions and strategy details for pollution prevention.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) China; Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Mexico; Panama
Places St Helena; Canada; Sri Lanka; Australia; Malaysia; Singapore; Mauritius
Ports Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Chinese; Indian; English; Irish; Scottish; Welsh
Ships Shah Jehan; Syria; Main; Ganges; Boyne; Allenshaw; British Peer
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Earl of Derby (Stanley, Sir Edward Henry); Wingfield, Edward; Manson, L H; Trotter, L H
Keywords emigration, government, finance, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, employment, living conditions, education, death
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 3. Despatches: Jamaica, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 4. Offices and Companies
Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1885. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
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